Tuesday, May 2, 2017

How to Start Investing in Mutual Funds?

Blue Colour Tag showing "Mutual Funds"

Actual Question:

How do we start investing in mutual funds, and which types of mutual funds are there?


Dear Friend!
Even though the easiest way would be to pick the phone and call a mutual fund for doorstep customer service, I would advice you not to do this. The marketing advisor from the fund, most probably knows nothing about investing and only blurt out prerecorded, jargon filled, platitudes about the schemes for which he or she has been given steep targets.
Female Advisor-sacs of fees-small returns

You must first know about what mutual funds really are, what kinds of funds are there and what schemes will suit you.
Since I have answered similar questions many, many times, instead of repeating myself, I will guide you to these previous answers. Please study them carefully:

 I suggest that after carefully studying the above and other related posts, you please choose only a low cost, well diversified, equity mutual fund. Keep the investments intact for a very, very long time.
I once again repeat that please do not go by the advice given by marketing executives of the funds or so called advisors.
Thank you,
With Best Regards,


What are Earnings Per Share, PE Ratio, Face Value and Book Value?

Green coloured Tag showing "PE Ratio"

While investing it is best to convert everything into ‘per share’.


Because we, retail investors, are not buying whole companies but only small portions of companies through their shares. Many times retail investors only buy a few shares of a company. Sometimes even only one. So understanding various company aspects at the per-share level makes a lot of sense.

Therefore many important aspects like earnings, book value, cash flow are reduced to the single share level. As a result we have:

  1. Earnings Per Share (EPS): Net Profit of the company reduced to a single share.
  2. Book Value Per Share: Total Book Value of the company reduced to the individual share.
  3. Face Value of a Share: The equity capital of a company is divided into a certain number of units or shares of a certain small value to make it easy to sell and raise the capital. This basic unit value - without ant premium or discount - is called the face value. For example the equity capital of a small private company of Rs.100000 is divided into 10000 shares of Rs.10 each. This Rs.10 per share is called the face value.

Once we have these per-share information in hand, we can make even more important price-value comparisons, like:

  1. Price to Earnings (PE) Patio: Measures how many times the earnings we are paying as premium or looking from a different angle, in how many years the investment is earned back.
  2. Price to Book Value (P2BV) Ratio: Indicates how many times the book value we are paying as price or at what discount to the book value is the share available currently in the market.

Table shows calculation of Price to Earnings Ratio

Why these ratios are important?

Value Investing prescribes certain wise thumb rules for making stock buying like:

  1. PE Ratio shall not be more than 15. Lower the positive PE number so much better it is.
  2. The P2BV ratio shall not be more than 1.5. Lower the positive number it is, so much better.
  3. The product or combination of these two ratios shall not be more than 22.5.

You can learn more details in the following related articles:

In conclusion,  Earnings Per Share, PE Ratio, Face Value and Book Value are very important concepts related to investing and an investor should know them intimately.