Tuesday, April 25, 2017

Are Small and Mid-Cap Mutual Funds Good for Investment?

Tag showing Text  "Small and Mid-Cap Funds"

Actual Question:

Should I continue investing in Franklin smaller companies and an L&T midcap fund? How are these 2 funds for long-term investment?

I am 22 years old and currently I am investing in these funds through SIP 4000 each. And by long term I mean 10–15 years. Also if you can suggest some more funds to add in my portfolio since I can spare an additional 3000 SIP.


Dear Friend!
I am sorry, I should point out two discrepancies in your present investment strategy:
Investing in small-cap and mid-cap companies.
It seems that you are investing in costly, actively managed mutual funds.

Small and Mid-Cap companies:

One should always invest in companies that are large. Why?
  1. In the first place, Large companies have become to that stature because they have some inherent strengths/ advantages.
  2. They can attract financial resources, when required, at competitive rates to implement major expansions, technological up-gradations, etc.
  3. They have the resilience to recover from major mistake in case they happen to make a few.
  4. At times of a market meltdown large and mid sized comapnies bear the maximum brunt. Large companies though affected escape with just bruises.

 In my case, when investing in shares directly, I make sure that the company has a minimum turnover of Rs.10000 crores (US$ 1.5 billion) and a market capitalisation of an equal amount. These companies will typically fall under the mid-cap segment, but are a select few with extremely good fundamentals. But mutual funds’ inclusion criteria are more biased towards considerations like price momentum, sectoral prospects, etc., rather than company fundamentals.

Costly, Actively Managed Funds:

Actively managed funds are funds that undergo frequent changes by buying new stocks and selling existing ones, with an purported aim of maximising returns. However history proves otherwise. The fund management fee charged for active funds ranges between 3–4% per annum. You can imagine the total fees charged by the fund over an investing period of 15 to 20 years!
Investor in mutual funds will benefit by investing in well diversified, low cost index mutual funds or exchange traded funds. The fund management fees for such passive funds are below 0.5% per annum.
Active and Dozing Mutual Fund Managers

Your Particular Situation:

Finally coming to your personal investment situation, I suggest that you stop your existing SIPs and start a SIP of:

Please note that I have not recommended the above based on any returns or performance but simply because:
  • They are low cost, exchange traded funds.
  • The fund are operated by large financial institutions that you can expect to be in business for the next 100 years
  • They are composed of the Top 100 Indian companies.

Suggested Further Reading:

Thank you,
With Best Regards